Wendrick's Rafter Calculator is a powerful tool designed to simplify the process of calculating the length of a rafter needed for constructing a roof. It blends standard carpentry techniques with the precision of trigonometry to offer accurate measurements vital for building roofs. This calculator not only aids carpenters and builders in their work but also assists DIY enthusiasts in managing their own roofing projects with ease.

## Purpose and Functionality

The primary goal of Wendrick's Rafter Calculator is to compute the length of a rafter based on the roof's pitch, the span of the roof, and the desired overhang. This is crucial for ensuring that the roof fits perfectly over the intended structure. The calculator uses specific inputs and applies trigonometric formulas to yield precise results, thereby eliminating guesswork and minimizing material wastage.

## Inputs and Formulas

To use the calculator, you'll need to input three key pieces of information:

**Span (S):**This is the total horizontal distance that the rafters need to cover across the building, excluding any overhang.**Pitch (P):**Represented as the rise over a 12-inch run, this indicates the roof's incline. A pitch of 4/12, for example, means the roof rises 4 inches for every 12 inches it extends horizontally.**Overhang (O):**The length by which the rafter extends beyond the wall of the building.

With these inputs, the calculator uses two main formulas:

**Rafter Length (R):**Calculated using the formula`R = sqrt((S/2)^2 + (P * S/12)^2) + O`

. This formula accounts for the span, pitch, and overhang to determine the rafter's length.**Total Rise (TR):**The vertical distance from the top of the wall to the peak of the roof, calculated with`TR = (P * S) / 12`

.

## Step-by-Step Example

Let's calculate the rafter length for a roof with a 20-foot span, a 4/12 pitch, and a 2-foot overhang:

**Calculate the Total Rise:**Using the formula`TR = (4 * 20) / 12`

, we find the total rise to be approximately 6.67 feet.**Calculate the Rafter Length:**Applying the formula`R = sqrt((20/2)^2 + (4 * 20/12)^2) + 2`

, we determine the rafter length to be approximately 12.13 feet, including the overhang.

## Information Table

Input | Description | Example Value |
---|---|---|

Span (S) | Horizontal distance across the building (feet) | 20 feet |

Pitch (P) | Rise over a 12-inch run | 4/12 |

Overhang (O) | Length of rafter extending beyond the wall (feet) | 2 feet |

Rafter Length (R) | Calculated length of the rafter, including overhang (feet) | 12.13 feet |

Total Rise (TR) | Vertical distance to the peak of the roof (feet) | 6.67 feet |

## Conclusion

Wendrick's Rafter Calculator is an indispensable tool that streamlines the process of calculating rafter lengths for roof construction. It combines the accuracy of trigonometry with practical carpentry knowledge, ensuring that builders and DIYers alike can approach their roofing projects with confidence. By providing precise measurements, the calculator helps in optimizing material usage, reducing waste, and ensuring that the roof is constructed accurately and efficiently. Whether you're a professional builder or a hobbyist, Wendrick's Rafter Calculator is a valuable resource for any roofing project.