The Current Divider Rule calculator helps determine the current flowing through a particular branch in a parallel circuit. This tool is useful for electrical engineers and students to quickly and accurately find out how current is distributed among different resistors in parallel.

## Purpose and Functionality of the Calculator

The Current Divider Rule calculator is designed to simplify the process of calculating the current through each resistor in a parallel circuit. By inputting the total current and the resistances of all branches, the calculator provides the current through the specific resistor you are interested in. This saves time and reduces the chances of manual calculation errors.

### Formula

The formula for the Current Divider Rule is: Ix=Itotal×RtotalRxI_x = I_{total} \times \frac{R_{total}}{R_x}Ix=Itotal×RxRtotal

where:

- IxI_xIx is the current through the resistor RxR_xRx.
- ItotalI_{total}Itotal is the total current entering the parallel branches.
- RtotalR_{total}Rtotal is the equivalent resistance of the parallel circuit, calculated using: 1Rtotal=1R1+1R2+⋯+1Rn\frac{1}{R_{total}} = \frac{1}{R_1} + \frac{1}{R_2} + \cdots + \frac{1}{R_n}Rtotal1=R11+R21+⋯+Rn1
- RxR_xRx is the resistance of the branch through which you want to find the current.

### Inputs

**Total Current (ItotalI_{total}Itotal)**: The total current entering the parallel branches.**Resistances (Rx,R1,R2,…,RnR_x, R_1, R_2, \ldots, R_nRx,R1,R2,…,Rn)**: The resistances of all branches in the parallel circuit, including the branch for which you want to calculate the current.

### Calculations

- Calculate the total resistance RtotalR_{total}Rtotal of the parallel branches.
- Apply the Current Divider Rule to find IxI_xIx using the formula given.

## Example

Suppose you have a circuit with a total current ItotalI_{total}Itotal of 10 A entering two parallel resistors R1=4R_1 = 4R1=4 Ω and R2=6R_2 = 6R2=6 Ω. To find the current through R2R_2R2, you would:

**Calculate RtotalR_{total}Rtotal:**1Rtotal=14+16=512→Rtotal=125=2.4 Ω\frac{1}{R_{total}} = \frac{1}{4} + \frac{1}{6} = \frac{5}{12} \rightarrow R_{total} = \frac{12}{5} = 2.4 \, \OmegaRtotal1=41+61=125→Rtotal=512=2.4Ω**Apply the Current Divider Rule to find I2I_2I2:**I2=10×2.46=4 AI_2 = 10 \times \frac{2.4}{6} = 4 \, AI2=10×62.4=4A

This result means that 4 A of the total 10 A flows through the 6 Ω resistor.

## Relevant Information Table

Parameter | Value |
---|---|

Total Current (ItotalI_{total}Itotal) | 10 A |

Resistance R1R_1R1 | 4 Ω |

Resistance R2R_2R2 | 6 Ω |

Total Resistance (RtotalR_{total}Rtotal) | 2.4 Ω |

Current through R2R_2R2 (I2I_2I2) | 4 A |

## Conclusion: Benefits and Applications of the Calculator

The Current Divider Rule calculator is a valuable tool for anyone working with parallel circuits. It simplifies the process of calculating current distribution, ensuring accuracy and saving time. Whether you are an electrical engineer, a student, or a hobbyist, this calculator helps you understand how current flows through different branches of a parallel circuit, making your work easier and more efficient.