New Jet Size:

The Holley Carb Jet Size Calculator is a tool used to determine the correct jet size for a Holley carburetor. This is crucial for optimizing the air-fuel mixture in an internal combustion engine. Proper jet sizing ensures efficient engine performance and prevents issues like running too rich or too lean. This article covers the workings, definition, formula, and an example calculation for using the Holley Carb Jet Size Calculator.

## Purpose and Functionality

The primary function of the Holley Carb Jet Size Calculator is to adjust the jet size based on changes in altitude and temperature. These factors can significantly affect the air-fuel mixture, and the calculator helps maintain the optimal air-fuel ratio for efficient engine performance.

## Inputs

To use the Holley Carb Jet Size Calculator, you need the following inputs:

**Current Jet Size**: The size of the jet currently installed (in mm or inches).**Altitude Adjustment**: The altitude where the vehicle will be operated (in feet).**Temperature Adjustment**: The ambient temperature during operation (in degrees Fahrenheit).**Desired Air-Fuel Ratio (AFR)**: The target air-fuel ratio for optimal performance.

## Formulas and Calculations

## Jet Size Adjustment

The formula to adjust the jet size based on altitude and temperature changes is:

[ \text{New Jet Size} = \text{Current Jet Size} + \left( \frac{\text{Altitude Adjustment Factor}}{1000} \times \text{Current Jet Size} \right) + \left( \frac{\text{Temperature Adjustment Factor}}{10} \times \text{Current Jet Size} \right) ]

Where:

**Altitude Adjustment Factor**: A factor based on the change in altitude. Typically, a 4% decrease in jet size is recommended for every 1,000 feet increase in altitude.**Temperature Adjustment Factor**: A factor based on the change in temperature. Typically, a 1% increase in jet size is recommended for every 10 degrees Fahrenheit decrease in temperature.

## Example Calculation

**Inputs**:

- Current Jet Size: 70
- Altitude Adjustment: 2,000 feet
- Temperature Adjustment: -20 degrees Fahrenheit (compared to a baseline)
- Desired AFR: This is a target value, not directly used in the adjustment formula but important for setting the baseline jet size.

## Step-by-Step Calculation

**Current Jet Size**:

- The size of the jet currently installed is 70.

**Altitude Adjustment**:

- Altitude change is 2,000 feet.
- Altitude Adjustment Factor: (-4\% \times 2 = -8\%)

**Temperature Adjustment**:

- Temperature change is -20 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Temperature Adjustment Factor: (1\% \times 2 = +2\%)

**Jet Size Adjustment**:

- Using the formula:

[\text{New Jet Size} = 70 + \left( \frac{-8}{1000} \times 70 \right) + \left( \frac{2}{10} \times 70 \right)] - Simplifying the calculation:

[\text{New Jet Size} = 70 + (-0.56) + 1.4]

[\text{New Jet Size} = 70 + 0.84]

[\text{New Jet Size} = 70.84]

## Summary

The calculated new jet size for a current jet size of 70, with an altitude adjustment of 2,000 feet and a temperature adjustment of -20 degrees Fahrenheit, is approximately 70.84. This adjusted jet size helps in maintaining the optimal air-fuel mixture for the engine’s efficient performance.

## Information Table

Input | Value |
---|---|

Current Jet Size | 70 |

Altitude Adjustment | 2,000 feet |

Temperature Adjustment | -20 degrees Fahrenheit |

Calculated New Jet Size | 70.84 |

## Conclusion

The Holley Carb Jet Size Calculator is an essential tool for maintaining the optimal air-fuel mixture in an engine, ensuring efficient performance and preventing issues related to improper jet sizing. By adjusting for altitude and temperature changes, the calculator helps achieve the desired air-fuel ratio.