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Coefficient Of Determination Calculator

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The Coefficient of Determination, commonly referred to as 𝑅2R2, is a vital statistical measure used in data analysis, especially in the context of predictive models and regression analysis. This calculator provides a straightforward method for anyone involved in data science, economics, or business analytics to determine how well a set of predictions or estimates match the actual observed outcomes.

Purpose and Functionality of the Calculator

The Coefficient of Determination calculator serves to measure the proportion of variance in a dependent variable that is predictable from the independent variables. It essentially tells us how “good” a predictive model is at forecasting outcomes. An 𝑅2R2 value closer to 1 indicates that the model explains a large portion of the variance, while a value closer to 0 suggests less predictability.

This calculator automates the process of calculating 𝑅2R2 using a simple and accessible interface, enabling users to input their observed data and the corresponding predicted data to receive the coefficient of determination without deep statistical knowledge.

How the Calculator Works

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how the calculator operates:

  1. Input Observed Values: These are the actual values obtained from data or experiments.
  2. Input Predicted Values: These values are derived from your regression model or predictive analysis.
  3. Calculation Process: The calculator processes these inputs to compute the 𝑅2R2 value using the given formula:𝑅2=1βˆ’π‘†π‘†π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ π‘†π‘†π‘‘π‘œπ‘‘R2=1βˆ’SStot​SSres​​Where:
    • π‘†π‘†π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ SSres​ is the sum of squares of residuals (the differences between observed and predicted values).
    • π‘†π‘†π‘‘π‘œπ‘‘SStot​ is the total sum of squares (the differences between observed values and their mean).

Example Calculation

Consider the following data points:

  • Observed Values: [3, 5, 7, 9]
  • Predicted Values: [2.5, 4.5, 6.5, 8.5]

Steps to calculate 𝑅2R2:

  1. Calculate the Mean of Observed Values:Mean=3+5+7+94=6Mean=43+5+7+9​=6
  2. Calculate π‘†π‘†π‘‘π‘œπ‘‘SStot​:π‘†π‘†π‘‘π‘œπ‘‘=(3βˆ’6)2+(5βˆ’6)2+(7βˆ’6)2+(9βˆ’6)2=20SStot​=(3βˆ’6)2+(5βˆ’6)2+(7βˆ’6)2+(9βˆ’6)2=20
  3. Calculate π‘†π‘†π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ SSres​:π‘†π‘†π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ =(3βˆ’2.5)2+(5βˆ’4.5)2+(7βˆ’6.5)2+(9βˆ’8.5)2=1SSres​=(3βˆ’2.5)2+(5βˆ’4.5)2+(7βˆ’6.5)2+(9βˆ’8.5)2=1
  4. Compute 𝑅2R2:𝑅2=1βˆ’120=0.95R2=1βˆ’201​=0.95

This result, 0.95, indicates that the model predicts the variance in the observed values very well.

Relevant Information Table

Observed ValuesActual data points collected from observations or experiments.
Predicted ValuesEstimated values based on the model.
π‘†π‘†π‘‘π‘œπ‘‘SStot​Total sum of squares, variance of observed from their mean.
π‘†π‘†π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ SSres​Sum of squares of residuals, variance from observed to model.
𝑅2R2Coefficient of determination, measure of model accuracy.


The Coefficient of Determination Calculator is an essential tool for anyone looking to validate the effectiveness of a predictive model. By simplifying complex statistical calculations into a few easy steps, this tool makes it possible for both professionals and students to assess and improve their regression models, ensuring better decision-making based on quantitative data analysis. With its ability to quickly gauge the accuracy of predictions, the 𝑅2R2 calculator is invaluable in various fields including finance, healthcare, and environmental science.

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