A Discriminant Quadratic Equation Calculator is a tool used to determine the nature of the roots of a quadratic equation. Quadratic equations are mathematical expressions of the form ax2+bx+c=0ax^2 + bx + c = 0ax2+bx+c=0. The discriminant of a quadratic equation helps us understand whether the equation has real or complex roots and whether the real roots are distinct or repeated.

## Purpose and Functionality

The main purpose of a discriminant quadratic equation calculator is to compute the discriminant (Δ\DeltaΔ) of a quadratic equation and to interpret the nature of the roots based on its value. The calculator simplifies the process by taking the coefficients of the equation as inputs and providing an immediate interpretation of the roots.

## Formula for the Discriminant

The discriminant (Δ\DeltaΔ) of a quadratic equation ax2+bx+c=0ax^2 + bx + c = 0ax2+bx+c=0 is calculated using the formula:Δ=b2−4ac\Delta = b^2 – 4acΔ=b2−4ac

## Interpretation of the Discriminant

**Positive Discriminant (Δ>0\Delta > 0Δ>0)**: The equation has two distinct real roots.**Zero Discriminant (Δ=0\Delta = 0Δ=0)**: The equation has exactly one real root (or two identical real roots).**Negative Discriminant (Δ<0\Delta < 0Δ<0)**: The equation has two complex roots.

## Inputs Required

To use the calculator, you need to input the following coefficients from the quadratic equation ax2+bx+c=0ax^2 + bx + c = 0ax2+bx+c=0:

- aaa: Coefficient of x2x^2×2 (a non-zero real number)
- bbb: Coefficient of xxx (a real number)
- ccc: Constant term (a real number)

## Calculation Steps

- Input the coefficients aaa, bbb, and ccc.
- Calculate the discriminant using the formula: Δ=b2−4ac\Delta = b^2 – 4acΔ=b2−4ac.
- Determine the nature of the roots based on the value of the discriminant:
- If Δ>0\Delta > 0Δ>0, display “Two distinct real roots”.
- If Δ=0\Delta = 0Δ=0, display “One real root”.
- If Δ<0\Delta < 0Δ<0, display “Two complex roots”.

## Example Calculation

Let’s consider the quadratic equation 2×2−4x+2=02x^2 – 4x + 2 = 02×2−4x+2=0.

- a=2a = 2a=2
- b=−4b = -4b=−4
- c=2c = 2c=2

## Step-by-Step Calculation

- Calculate the discriminant: Δ=(−4)2−4⋅2⋅2=16−16=0\Delta = (-4)^2 – 4 \cdot 2 \cdot 2 = 16 – 16 = 0Δ=(−4)2−4⋅2⋅2=16−16=0
- Interpret the result:
- Since Δ=0\Delta = 0Δ=0, the equation has one real root.

## Relevant Information Table

Coefficient | Value | Description |
---|---|---|

aaa | 2 | Coefficient of x2x^2×2 |

bbb | -4 | Coefficient of xxx |

ccc | 2 | Constant term |

Δ\DeltaΔ | 0 | Discriminant value |

Roots | One real root | Interpretation |

## Conclusion

A Discriminant Quadratic Equation Calculator is a handy tool for students, teachers, and anyone working with quadratic equations. By automating the calculation of the discriminant and the interpretation of the roots, it saves time and reduces the chance of errors. This tool is particularly useful in educational settings where understanding the nature of the roots is crucial for solving and graphing quadratic equations.